The jay is clearly some form of Steller's Jay. North American populations can be divided into two subspecies groups. Those on the Pacific Coast and Sierra have blue streaks on the crest, but those in the Rocky Mountains (C.s. macrolopha) have white streaks instead. This bird was photographed in Colorado so it should be representative of that population. In addition there are a number of races in Middle America which have shorter bluer crests and back and this bird shows some similarities to those birds. However the short appearing crest is partly an illusion caused by the angle at which the photo was taken. See below.
Those familiar with Steller's Jays on the West Coast may also notice the unexpected small white throat patch and a trace of a gray band across the breast. These seem to point to the possibility of Steller's X Blue Jay, hybrids of which have been documented from Colorado. In fact that was my first conclusion. But I now see those same features in a photo of a non-hybrid Steller's Jay on page 557 of "Birds of Colorado" by Bailey and Niedrach (1965).
So I am left with nothing concrete to pin a hybrid identification on. This additional photo of this individual shows a long dark looking crest which is lying flat as seen above. I would expect a true hybrid to show more unambiguous Blue Jay characters such as a white wing-bar or white belly.. Of course it is always possible that it could be a second or third generation hybrid backcross, but I don't think there is enough information in the photos to say for sure.
It would be helpful to get comments from people living in Colorado or elsewhere within the range of Rocky Mountain Steller's Jays to see if they think this bird is outside normal variation. The Public Comment page remains open for feedback on any of these mystery birds, old or new.
The sparrow is definitely a Grasshopper Sparrow in fresh early winter plumage. Although it has a superficial resemblance to a Le Conte's Sparrow, the gray face patch is in the wrong place. On Le Conte's the ear coverts are gray, on Grasshopper it is the rear of the supercilium which is gray. There are other differences of course, but that's the one which is least subject to misinterpretation.
Several contributors commented that the bill was too small and the tail too long for Grasshopper Sparrow, but the tail looks relatively short to me and Grasshopper Sparrows I see in California look to be smaller billed than those in the East. Also young birds definitely have smaller bills than adults in this species. Nevertheless, it's easy to see how a single photograph can be misleading and why it is so important to include a description of the bird along with photographs when documenting rarities. Photos by themselves are helpful, but there have been many cases where a few lines of description would have saved records committees many hours of agonizing deliberation.
This Grasshopper Sparrow was photographed at Deep Springs College in Inyo County in October 1972.
|This is one of North America's most strikingly beautiful birds. Photograph by Mike Wihler. Click on the image to view full size.||Here another puzzler. Photograph by Gary Zamzow. More subdued but striking in its own way. Click on the image to view full size.|
What do you think these birds are? Please click here to view comments or add your own. Thank you very much for contributing your thoughts.
[Home] [California Birding]